No matter how terrible the phrase “hair loss” may seem, more often it is just a part of everyday life. This is a cyclical process that is repeated about three to four times a year. On average, we lose from 50 to 150 hairs per day, and during the renewal of hair follicles, this figure may be greater. However, if there are more of them, then it is time to understand why this is happening. Today, together we understand the causes of hair loss and how to prevent them.
First of all, you need to pay attention to the new hair: the problem is, if nothing grows on the spot of the dropout. In addition, it is necessary to consult a doctor if the hair began to fall out much more than usual, and also if you feel tightness or burning. The trichologist will examine the hair and scalp, as well as prescribe tests. Most likely, this will be a test of hemoglobin and iron in the blood.
The causes of hair loss can be many. First of all, hair can fall out with age, in women it is most often manifested during menopause. This is normal: hair is aging, as is our entire body. Genetics also plays a big role: some people are prone to hair loss. This hair loss is called androgenic alopecia. It is impossible to cure it completely, but modern medicine helps to preserve hair to old age with regular treatment.
The remaining reasons are the consequences of failures in the body. For example, focal alopecia (or focal alopecia) is characterized by loss of hair in areas. This disease has an autoimmune nature, and the doctor must treat it. With regard to uniform hair loss, the reasons may be as follows.
Hormonal disruptions often cause skin and hair problems. The female hormone estrogen helps hair grow in the right mode, and the male hormone androgen can shorten the hair growth cycle. Excessive androgen can cause hair loss. In addition, the geneticist already mentioned above is important here. If you are susceptible to the sensitivity of the follicles, then hormonal failure may have a greater effect on hair loss.
Stress is a common cause of hair loss. During stress, women may also increase the level of androgen, as described above. Sometimes there is a time gap between stress and hair loss, it can go up to two or three months. During stress, the nutrition of the hair follicles is disturbed, but the consequences of this in the form of thinned hair and the lack of new ones you will see only after a while. Such hair loss refers to reactionary alopecia, that is, it reacts to events from the past. In addition to stress, it can be injuries, gastrointestinal diseases or childbirth.
Also during stress can be broken diet, which in turn can also have a negative effect on the hair. If you lose weight sharply (not important as a result of stress or diet), this can also be the cause of hair loss. Since the lack of a balanced diet and a full amount of vitamins always affects the hair.
One of the most common causes of hair loss in women is iron deficiency. No one really knows why iron deficiency anemia leads to hair loss. However, it is known that this element helps cell growth. It is assumed that a low level of iron prevents the appearance of new cells of hair follicles. Iron also contributes to the synthesis of hemoglobin, which transports oxygen to the cells.
How to prevent hair loss?
- Eat enough protein
The hair itself is made up of keratin protein, so consuming a daily dose of protein is necessary for their health. Also the cause of hair loss may be a deficiency of vitamin B12, which is mainly found in red meat. Therefore, vegans often face this problem and they need to constantly check the level of this vitamin. It is also found in other foods, such as soy milk or nori seaweed.
- Monitor blood iron levels
In order to avoid iron deficiency, it is necessary to observe the daily rate: for women – 18 mg, for pregnant women – 27 mg, for men – 8 mg. It is believed that if a person has become a vegan, vegetarian or even a pesketarian, then he may lack iron. However, it all depends on well-designed diet. In this article, you will learn how to compensate for the iron deficiency, if you abandoned meat, and here you can readabout 10 plant foods that are rich in iron.
- Care for the scalp
Scrub the scalp once a week to help cell renewal. Wash your hair with warm, but not hot water. Also try to choose a shampoo for the type of scalp, not hair. For example, for oily scalp, and not for oily hair. Plus, protect yourself from the sun: wear a headdress, spray your hair with UV protection.
Before buying expensive shampoo against hair loss, it is better to consult a doctor. Shampoo and diet will not help if this ailment reflects a problem in the body. Proper, balanced nutrition and care for the scalp will help you avoid problems such as hair loss.