Not only the quality of sleep, but also well-being in general, directly depends on how correctly the mattress is selected. To ensure maximum benefit and comfort, experts recommend using only orthopedic mattresses. About them – in more detail.
Choosing a mattress for a bed: matching sizes First of all, when choosing a mattress, you should decide on the size. The optimal length is considered to be 15–20 cm greater than the growth of the future owner. The distance from the shoulder of the lying person to the lateral edge of the bed should be at least 10 cm. It is important to take into account the appropriate size of the bed. If its inner surface is larger, the mattress will certainly move, which will not cause any pleasant sensations. In the case of a smaller bed, the mattress on it simply does not fit.
As a rule, mattresses are divided into 3 categories in size:
- one and a half;
To avoid annoying surprises associated with the mismatch of the size of the bed and mattress, it is best to purchase them in the kit from one manufacturer. Or order the manufacture of a mattress in its own size.
The height of the mattress is determined by the quality and quantity of its fillers. The main thing to remember when choosing – the more the weight of the one who will sleep on it, the thicker the mattress should be.
The degree of rigidity of the mattress
The next criterion that requires close attention when choosing a mattress is the degree of rigidity. It is important to choose a “middle ground”, given that too hard a surface can cause discomfort during sleep and a feeling of light “bruising”. And an overly soft bed leads to sprains, which is also not very nice
As practice shows, a soft mattress is perfect for people weighing up to 50 kg. For a weight category of 55–95 kg, a bed of medium stiffness will be optimal. Well, tougher products are the choice of those who have outgrown the 90-kilogram line.
The presence of springs
The fundamental difference between mattresses is the presence or absence of spring blocks in their composition. The latter, in turn, can be dependent and independent of each other.
Mattresses with self-contained springs are much more expensive, but their quality is higher. Such samples are characterized by the number of springs per 1 m². The more of them, the higher the orthopedic effect. TFK / S2000 The budget version has the TFK lettering and includes 250 elements. The most expensive option is the S2000, which has 1000 springs in the same amount of space.
This implies that each individual spring is placed in an individual package of special material of sufficient strength, which significantly increases the service life. The option of a mattress with a dependent spring unit will cost much less when purchased, and will not look different from an independent counterpart.
However, it is worth knowing that the period of its comfortable operation is no more than three years. The reason is that when exposed to one spring link, everyone else changes their position. Such mattresses eventually sink in the center, losing their original elasticity, so they are more suitable for guest or country beds, which are not used constantly. To neutralize the stiffness and discomfort of the springs, the mattresses always have one or more additional layers.
Mattresses without a spring frame have a simpler design and consist of one or more layers of filler. Depending on the raw materials used, the fillers may be natural or artificial. Of course, natural ones will cost more, but the price is fully offset by hypoallergenicity and breathability.
Natural fillers include: Latex. It is made from a tropical plant hevea. It has the highest elasticity and resilience, “adapts” to the features of the figure, provides an ideal position of the spine. It has high wear resistance and sufficient breathability; Coconut fiber coir. For guaranteed quality should have a rich brown color. It is not subject to decay, does not absorb odors and moisture, has sufficient elasticity, heat and air permeability. Used for stiffening.
The only negative is that you cannot bend and collapse; Felt. Wool processing product. It is used as a softening and insulating layer, most often in spring mattresses. Afraid of humidity.
Artificial Fillers: Synthetic latex (polyurethane foam of high elasticity). Differs in considerable wear resistance, but absorbs moisture; Holkon. This is a web of polyester fibers bonded by high temperature exposure. It is characterized by ease of transportation (can be twisted), lightness, washability; Hollofiber. It differs in breathability, wear resistance, hypoallergenicity. It has a democratic value; Foam rubber (polyurethane foam) is a foam material with a certain elasticity and strength. The main thing is to choose the maximum density.
Experts do not recommend babies to sleep on spring mattresses for up to a year. Since babies are in a crib most of the time, orthopedists are advised to choose a moderately hard mattress for them. It is better to give preference to mattresses based on coir (coconut).
For older children, you can buy a spring analog, but always with an independent unit. At the same time, it is important to ensure the hypoallergenicity of the filler and the cover for the mattress, as well as their resistance to moisture and odors. Preferred samples with a removable cover that allows washing. Mattresses made of cotton and foam are best eliminated immediately. They, as a rule, do not withstand the load and quickly lose their shape.
Recently, the popularity of round beds has increased significantly. Special mattresses are produced for them, in which the main size is the diameter. All other selection criteria for them remain the same as for “ordinary” mattresses.
The final choice of mattress is affected by the quality of its coating. It must withstand constant loads, but at the same time let air through, without interfering with the evaporation of moisture. The composition used fabrics can be:
- natural (linen, cotton, wool);
- synthetic (polyester, polyamide);
- blended (cotton plus polyester).
To improve the characteristics of the fabrics used, various impregnations have been widely used recently: dust-repellent, water-repellent, fireproof. Bilateral mattress covers are very popular, which “change clothes” 2 times a year, depending on the season. One side (winter) in them is made of soft wool, and the other (summer) is made of cotton.